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They also range from mild to severe and there are also viral skin infections that show up in people with associated systemic diseases. Viral skin infections are of many kinds ranging from mild to severe, common to rare and infectious to disease-causing. Ogunbiyi A. Pseudofolliculitis barbae; current treatment options. While our skin plays an important role in protecting us from infections, it is also vulnerable to many kinds of infections. Boils are common in children, those with poor hygiene and … Some fungal infections aren’t contagious, and these infections are typically non-life-threatening. Erysipelas, which is colloquially known as St. Anthony's Fire because of the intense, burning sensation that characterizes it, infects the top two layers of the skin. It is caused by fungus, which lives in nail tissue, hair, and dead skin. There are many different types of skin disorders. Folliculitis is an infection that involves damage of the hair follicles and the surrounding tissue, causing inflammation to the skin (much like infected red spots). Furuncles are commonly found on the face, neck, armpits, buttocks, and thighs. In some cases, skin infections can be caused by an injury, especially when your injury is exposed to the environment. Fungal infection: Body chemistry and lifestyle can increase the risk of a fungal infection. Staph infections are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, types of germs commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. The most common cause of a carbuncle is the staph bacteria.. MRSA is a type of … Pilosebaceous units, which are located throughout the body (except on the palms, soles of the feet, and lower lip), comprise the shaft, follicle, sebaceous gland, and arrector pili muscle (a bundle of small muscle fibers attached to a hair follicle). Here is a list of 25 with pictures. Athlete's foot (also known as "ringworm of the foot", tinea pedum, and "moccasin foot") is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas. Furuncles (boils) and carbuncles are infections of the skin often caused by Staphylococcus bacteria. You can use over-the-counter antifungal sprays and creams to treat a fungal skin infection. Hot tub folliculitis is also more common in people with acne or dermatitis, both of which make the skin conducive to bacterial penetration. Michael Y, Shaukat NM. We include products we think are useful for our readers. See a doctor if you have pus-filled blisters or a skin infection that doesn’t improve or gets progressively worse. The infection begins in a hair follicle or an oil gland, building until it reaches the skin's surface. How to Spot and Treat Cellulitis Before It Becomes a Problem, How Erythrasma Skin Infection Is Linked to Humidity and Diabetes, Staph Skin Infections and MRSA Treatments, Do You Have a Fungal or Yeast Infection? Different types of viral infections include: These types of skin infections are caused by a fungus and are most likely to develop in damp areas of the body, such as the feet or armpit. Here's how to identify it, as well as the other symptoms…, According to FDA regulations, sunscreen has a shelf life of 3 years. Ringworm. Erythrasma develops in areas where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, groin, or between the toes. Skin infections are caused by any invading microorganisms and cause complications to the immune system that causes visual symptoms of the surface of the skin. If the strain of bacteria is resistant to treatment, treating the infection may require intravenous antibiotics administered in the hospital. If your condition doesn’t improve, ask your doctor about prescription oral or topical creams. Viruses cause shingles, warts, and herpes simplex. Here is a rundown of the nine most common bacterial infections and how to identify them. Ma XY, Tian LX, Liang HP. If left untreated, a furuncle can develop into an abscess. Laboratory tests are usually required to accurately diagnose MRSA. Wearing sweaty or wet clothes is a risk factor for skin infections. Treatments for the less serious infections are often available over the counter at drug or department stores. Certain types of mold and fungus can cause a yeast infection. Here’s our process. Most of the time, these bacteria cause no problems or result in relatively minor skin infections. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Erythrasma develops in areas where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, groin, or between the toes. J Clin Diagn Res. There are many types of skin infections, but they usually fall into three categories: Fungal, Bacterial and Viral. Oral thrush A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on your skin or nail beds. It's an unfortunate fact, but your feet are prone to fungal infections. Our experts guide you through symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Updated December 20, 2019. Fungi are by nature considered opportunistic. Most can be treated by your internist or family physician. Folliculitis. MRSA is a type of … Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2016/21664.8587, Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Yeast Infection on Skin Types. / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. Can Avocados Improve the Health of Your Skin? Updated April 16, 2019. Viral skin infections tend to be much more aggressive and virulent if the immune system, especially the T-cell system, is inadequate. What Are Some Common Skin Diseases and Conditions? Mil Med Res. It can be somewhat itchy but rarely causes pain or discomfort. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. There are many types of skin infections but the one thing all have in common is they can be unsightly, uncomfortable, and even painful. Skin yeast infections are usually found on warm, moist parts of the body. Athlete's foot (also known as "ringworm of the foot", tinea pedum, and "moccasin foot") is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2015. doi:10.1016/B978-1-4557-4801-3.00221-6. Tinea Nigra. Hot tub folliculitis typically occurs on the chest or areas under a swimsuit, where water and bacteria have been trapped for a period of time. Symptoms include extreme redness, swelling, and a sharply-defined border between the normal and infected skin tissue. Examples include: Human papillomavirus-associated penile, vulval, and oral intraepithelial neoplasia, vulval and oral cancer, epidermodysplasia verruciformis ; Epstein–Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. Boils, or furuncles, are round, pus-filled skin nodules that result from infection with staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It is sometimes called “Pseudomonas folliculitis” or “Jacuzzi folliculitis" because it is contracted through contaminated whirlpools, hot tubs (especially wooden ones), water slides, physiotherapy pools, or even loofah sponges.. Causes. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious bacterial infection that is resistant to standard antibiotic treatment. It will often cause a mild, ulcerative sore on the skin and can sometimes lead to serious infections. Skin infections caused by staph bacteria include: Boils. The sores associated with this bacterial infection usually occur around the nose and mouth but can spread to other parts of the body through skin-to-skin contact, clothing, and towels. [citation needed] They comprise a category of infections termed skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs), or skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), and acute bacterial SSSIs (ABSSSIs). doi:10.2147/CCID.S149250, Bennett J, Blaser M. Chapter 221 - Pseudomonas aeruginosa and ther Pseudomonas species. Home care for a skin infection works to reduce symptoms. Here are some of the most common types of fungal infections: Tinea versicolor Also known as pityriasis versicolor, tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that affects the epidermis, the topmost layer of the skin. You may also experience other symptoms, such as itching, pain, and tenderness. The scalp is in fact more at risk of an infection at times. It helps prevent the uncomfortable skin chafing that many cyclists…. Carbuncles usually develop on the back, thighs, or back of the neck. Fungi usually make their homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. Infection happens when you have too much yeast, or when it gets into a cut on your skin. Jock itch has an identifiable smell that is due to the fungal overgrowth present on the body. Oral thrush 10 Types of Skin Infections . Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial … See a doctor if you have symptoms of cellulitis or abscess. It … There are many species of candida that exists on the skin. ... fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot, ringworm, and yeast infections; Skin yeast infections are usually found on warm, moist parts of the body. For example, ringworm often causes a distinct circular, scaly rash. A decreased immune system can be the result of an illness or the side effect of medication. Ringworm. Shaving or plucking hairs can also increase risk.. Read our, Medically reviewed by Casey Gallagher, MD, Medically reviewed by Lindsey Waldman, MD, RD, Medically reviewed by Jonathan B. Jassey, DO, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Commonly treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections may require a consultation with a or. To infect other organs, such as the armpits, groin, or when it gets into cut! Be treated by your internist or family physician some can spread to the lymph nodes and bloodstream and.... Encourage bacterial … See a doctor if you buy through links on this page we! To get into the bloodstream and can spread through the bloodstream you can apply medicated to! With acne as compared to those who have clear skin lead to extreme itching, pain and! Type of infection in areas where skin touches skin, and these usually develop on a person 's.... Certain types of infectious Diseases Brannon, MD, is inadequate ringworm often a... 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