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The Prayer of Manasseh (8), states that God did not appoint repentance for Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, “who were righteous and did not sin against Thee.” (What Bible were they reading?) Paul draws attention to two attributes of God. But that was not God’s way. Romans 8:9-11 Christians have God’s Spirit to guide and assist them, Romans 8:12,13 by which if … Justification must be seen for what it truly is: It is essential, but it is only the beginning of the salvation process. If Abraham had room for boasting, he also had occasion for apology. We need our sin put on Christ’s account. What did he discover about being made right with God? This is why Paul could say that the promise came to Abraham through faith. Why/why not? It also recalls the valley of the dry bones that came alive at the word of God (Ezekiel 37). The book of Romans is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). Meanwhile, on death row a serial killer awaits execution. God has convicted him of his terrible sins, so that he despairs about dying and facing God. Surely, there must be a copier’s error in the text! “As it is written, ‘I have made you a father of many nations‘” (Greek: ethnon—can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles”) (v. 17a). When you compare humans to humans, Abraham was a good guy. 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 1 Abraham was, humanly speaking, the founder of our Jewish nation. Paul first demonstrates this truth in the life of Abraham (4:1-3). For him to say that Abraham is “the father of us all” is quite radical. 2 If his good deeds had made him acceptable to God, he would have had something to boast about. The only fulfillment of the promise that Abraham was allowed to witness was the birth of Isaac—his son and heir. Undoubtedly, he could think of n… Christ’s substitutionary death paid the just penalty for the sins of those who will trust in Him (3:25). If God justifies the ungodly and you’re ungodly, there’s hope for you! Rather, he had no grounds for boasting at all. Romans 5:6-8 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly… Joshua 24:2 And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods. You do not understand God’s grace. spiritually minded. No hero can require that the president pin on his medal. An analogy: No citizen has the right to demand an audience with the president. God justifies us as a gift through faith (3:24). Neither Abraham nor the son could claim credit for their status. Paul’s understanding of grace flies in the face of conventional Jewish theology, which sees faithful observance of Torah law as analogous to a faithful employee’s service (Moo, 263). My aim today is that all of you will understand this crucial doctrine that is at the core of the gospel and that you will join Spurgeon in worshipful wonder that God has justified you. “For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of no effect“ (v. 14). That fulfillment is accomplished, not simply as followers of a philosophy, or a philosopher, but through relationship with a Living Person, Savior and Redeemer. The employee can seek legal recourse if the employer refuses payment, and can expect courts to enforce payment (assuming that the employer is solvent). He knew more than we may assume! Abraham knew that through his seed, blessing would come to all the families of the earth (12:3). Rather, justification is by faith alone, apart from works, from start to finish (Calvin’s Commentaries [Baker], 1:408-409). However, Paul has already stated that God is the God of Gentiles also, since he “will justify the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised through faith ” (3:29-30). Many early Jewish writings put Abraham on a pedestal far higher than the way the Bible portrays him. The apostle Paul was unreservedly committed to Christ and to the ministry of the gospel. That’s not fair! But such boasting is foolish, because we’re really just one bug boasting to another bug. IX (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1954), Luther, Martin, Commentary on Romans, (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 1976), Moo, Douglas, The New International Commentary on the New Testament: Romans (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1996), Morris, Leon, The Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdman’s Publishing Co, 1988), Mounce, Robert H., The New American Commentary: Romans, (Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995), Myers, Allen C. 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